Some kids have higher drowning risk: Swim lessons add layer of protection for all
TrishaKorioth, Staff Writer
Can your child swim? Can you?
All parents and children over 1 year old should learn to swim, according to the American
Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). This is especially important if your child is at a high
risk of drowning.
Your child should learn basic swim skills: entering the water, coming to the surface,
turning around, propelling through the water for at least 25 yards and being able
to exit the water.
Swim lessons do not “drown-proof” any child or adult. Swim skills do add a layer of
protection. Other ways to protect your child from drowning include four-sided fencing
around water, life jackets, active supervision and lifeguards. Safety barriers should
be kept in place during swim and non-swim times, according to the AAP.
Drowning is more common for children ages 1-4 years and 15-19 years. Behavioral health,
skill, environment, underlying medical conditions and race also raise a child’s risk,
according to the AAP.
African-American children have the highest drowning rates. According to a national
study, 64% of African-American children and 78% of African-American parents have little
or no swimming ability.
The risk of drowning also is high for children with autism who are prone to wandering.
Drowning is the cause of death for almost three-fourths of children with autism who
wander off alone. The AAP recommends a family supervision plan for children with autism
and other special needs. Have a checklist of nearby ponds, lakes and pools to search
if a child wanders. Download an emergency plan at http://bit.ly/WanderingPlanAutism.
Parents and children say that fear of drowning is a common reason why they do not
swim. Ask your pediatrician for ways to help if your child is fearful.
To find swim lessons, contact your local parks and recreation facility or YMCA. Many
communities have free or low-cost programs. Swim programs are tailored to meet cultural,
religious, physical and mental health needs. Local faith-based organizations also
can offer suggestions on swim accommodations that meet your family’s beliefs and traditions.