Implementation science involves the incorporation of evidence-based interventions into clinical practice. Although observation studies and randomized controlled trials may demonstrate the impact of a particular treatment or care pathway, when applied to real world settings, the same results or findings are not observed. Many academicians consider the findings from implementation studies to be the best reflection of the effectiveness of a novel treatment or intervention. Although guidelines have been developed for the management of various pediatric conditions, there has been a paucity of high-quality research evaluating how effective these guidelines are in real-world settings.
Copyright © 2017 American Academy of Pediatrics