- AAP Policy
- Vaccination remains the best available preventive measure against influenza illness.
- The annual influenza vaccine is recommended for everyone 6 months and older.
- Vaccination can begin as soon as the seasonal influenza vaccine is available and should be completed preferably by the end of October.
- Inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV3 or IIV4) is the primary vaccine choice for all children.
- Quadrivalent live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV4) may be used for children who would not otherwise receive a vaccine (e.g., refusal of IIV) and for whom it is appropriate by age (2 years of age and older) and health status (healthy, without any underlying chronic medical condition).
- Pregnant women may receive IIV at any time during pregnancy. Vaccination during pregnancy can protect infants in the first 6 months of life, when they are too young to be vaccinated, through transplacental transfer of antibodies.
- Vaccination is safe during breastfeeding for mothers and their infants.
- All health care personnel should receive an annual influenza vaccine, a crucial step in preventing influenza and reducing health care-associated influenza infections.
- Antiviral medications are important in the treatment of influenza but are not a substitute for influenza vaccination.
Copyright © 2018 American Academy of Pediatrics