One of the most controversial areas in helping children with hearing loss is whether there is benefit to the use of sign language to help deaf children communicate. The issue gets even more controversial when a child is to undergo a cochlear implant. So does use of sign language before and after a cochlear implant improve a child’s ability for speech recognition, spoken language intelligibility, or reading skills? Geers et al. ( 10.1542/peds.2016-3489) report on three groups of children with hearing-impairment who received cochlear implants by three years of age but differed in their duration of sign language exposure early in their lives, and then followed their progress in elementary school. The results may surprise many but show that the group who had no early sign-language exposure did the best in achieving better speech recognition in their first three years post-implant and did better than the other children exposed to sign language in terms of their performance in spoken and auditory speech recognition.
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